Advanced Studies in Pure Mathematics

Lefschetz pencils on a certain hypersurface in positive characteristic

Toshiyuki Katsura

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Abstract

We examine Lefschetz pencils of a certain hypersurface in ${\bf P}^{3}$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p > 2$, and determine the group structure of sections of the fiber spaces derived from the pencils. Using the structure of a Lefschetz pencil, we give a geometric proof of the unirationality of Fermat surfaces of degree $p^a + 1$ with a positive integer $a$ which was first poved by Shioda [10]. As byproducts, we also see that on the hypersurface there exists a $(q^{3} + q^{2} + q + 1)_{q + 1}$-symmetric configuration (resp. a $((q^{3} + 1)(q^{2} + 1)_{q + 1}, (q^{3} + 1)(q + 1)_{q^{2} + 1}$)-configuration) made up of the rational points over ${\bf F}_{q}$ (resp. over ${\bf F}_{q^{2}}$) and the lines over ${\bf F}_{q}$ (resp. over ${\bf F}_{q^{2}}$) with $q = p^{a}$.

Article information

Source
Higher Dimensional Algebraic Geometry: In honour of Professor Yujiro Kawamata's sixtieth birthday, K. Oguiso, C. Birkar, S. Ishii and S. Takayama, eds. (Tokyo: Mathematical Society of Japan, 2017), 265-278

Dates
Received: 3 May 2013
Revised: 26 October 2013
First available in Project Euclid: 23 October 2018

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/ euclid.aspm/1540319491

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.2969/aspm/07410265

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR3791217

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1388.14127

Subjects
Primary: 14J70: Hypersurfaces
Secondary: 14Q10: Surfaces, hypersurfaces

Keywords
hypersurface Lefschetz pencil positive characteristic configuration

Citation

Katsura, Toshiyuki. Lefschetz pencils on a certain hypersurface in positive characteristic. Higher Dimensional Algebraic Geometry: In honour of Professor Yujiro Kawamata's sixtieth birthday, 265--278, Mathematical Society of Japan, Tokyo, Japan, 2017. doi:10.2969/aspm/07410265. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aspm/1540319491


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