The Annals of Statistics
- Ann. Statist.
- Volume 42, Number 6 (2014), 2526-2556.
CAM: Causal additive models, high-dimensional order search and penalized regression
We develop estimation for potentially high-dimensional additive structural equation models. A key component of our approach is to decouple order search among the variables from feature or edge selection in a directed acyclic graph encoding the causal structure. We show that the former can be done with nonregularized (restricted) maximum likelihood estimation while the latter can be efficiently addressed using sparse regression techniques. Thus, we substantially simplify the problem of structure search and estimation for an important class of causal models. We establish consistency of the (restricted) maximum likelihood estimator for low- and high-dimensional scenarios, and we also allow for misspecification of the error distribution. Furthermore, we develop an efficient computational algorithm which can deal with many variables, and the new method’s accuracy and performance is illustrated on simulated and real data.
Ann. Statist., Volume 42, Number 6 (2014), 2526-2556.
First available in Project Euclid: 12 November 2014
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Bühlmann, Peter; Peters, Jonas; Ernest, Jan. CAM: Causal additive models, high-dimensional order search and penalized regression. Ann. Statist. 42 (2014), no. 6, 2526--2556. doi:10.1214/14-AOS1260. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1415801782
- Supplementary material: Supplement to “CAM: Causal additive models, high-dimensional order search and penalized regression”. This supplemental article  contains all proofs.