The Annals of Statistics
- Ann. Statist.
- Volume 13, Number 2 (1985), 789-794.
A Sequential Probability Ratio Test Using a Biased Coin Design
Consider a sequential probability ratio test comparing two treatments, where each subject receives only one of the treatments. Each subject's treatment assignment is determined by the flip of a biased coin, where the bias serves to balance the number of patients assigned to each treatment. The asymptotic properties of this test are studied, as the sample size approaches infinity. A renewal theorem is given for the joint distribution of the sample size, the imbalance in treatment assignment at the end of the experiment, and the excess over the stopping boundary. This theorem is used to calculate asymptotic expressions for the test's error probabilities.
Ann. Statist., Volume 13, Number 2 (1985), 789-794.
First available in Project Euclid: 12 April 2007
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Heckman, Nancy E. A Sequential Probability Ratio Test Using a Biased Coin Design. Ann. Statist. 13 (1985), no. 2, 789--794. doi:10.1214/aos/1176349556. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1176349556