## The Annals of Statistics

### Robust Estimation of a Location Parameter in the Presence of Asymmetry

John R. Collins

#### Abstract

Huber's theory of robust estimation of a location parameter is adapted to obtain estimators that are robust against a class of asymmetric departures from normality. Let $F$ be a distribution function that is governed by the standard normal density on the set $\lbrack - d, d\rbrack$ and is otherwise arbitrary. Let $X_1,\cdots, X_n$ be a random sample from $F(x - \theta)$, where $\theta$ is the unknown location parameter. If $\psi$ is in a class of continuous skew-symmetric functions $\Psi_c$ which vanish outside a certain set $\lbrack -c, c\rbrack$, then the estimator $T_n$, obtained by solving $\sum\psi (X_i - T_n) = 0$ by Newton's method with the sample median as starting value, is a consistent estimator of $\theta$. Also $n^{\frac{1}{2}}(T_n - \theta)$ is asymptotically normal. For a model of symmetric contamination of the normal center of $F$, an asymptotic minimax variance problem is solved for the optimal $\psi$. The solution has the form $\psi(x) = x$ for $|x| \leqq x_0, \psi(x) = x_1 \tanh \lbrack\frac{1}{2}x_1(c - |x|)\rbrack\operatorname{sgn} (x)$ for $x_0 \leqq |x| \leqq c$, and $\psi(x) = 0$ for $|x| \geqq c$. The results are extended to include an unknown scale parameter in the model.

#### Article information

Source
Ann. Statist. Volume 4, Number 1 (1976), 68-85.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 12 April 2007

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1176343348

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/aos/1176343348

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR400538

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
0351.62035

JSTOR

Subjects
Primary: 62G35: Robustness
Secondary: 62G05: Estimation 62G20: Asymptotic properties

#### Citation

Collins, John R. Robust Estimation of a Location Parameter in the Presence of Asymmetry. Ann. Statist. 4 (1976), no. 1, 68--85. doi:10.1214/aos/1176343348. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1176343348