The Annals of Statistics

A Note on Sampling with Replacement

E. Benton Cobb

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Abstract

Suppose a finite population is sampled with replacement until the sample contains a fixed number $n$ of distinct units. Let $v$ denote the total number of draws. It is known that $\bar{y}_n$, the mean for the $n$ distict units, and $\bar{y}_v$, the total sample mean, are both unbiased estimators of the population means and that $V(\bar{y}_n) \leqq V (\bar{y}_v)$. In this paper the relative difference $\delta = \lbrack V(\bar{y}_v) - V)\bar{y}_n)\rbrack/V(\bar{y}_n)$ is approximate by a quantity $\delta_1$ which is easy to compute. Upper and lower bounds for $\delta - \delta_1$ are given and it is shown that $\delta < (\lambda + \varepsilon_n) f$ for $n \geqq 3$ and $f \leqq \frac{3}{4}$, where $f = n/N, N$ is the population size, $\lambda = \lbrack (1 - f)^{-\frac{1}{2}} - 1 \rbrack/f,$ and $\varepsilon_n = (1 - f)^{-1}/(n - 1)$.

Article information

Source
Ann. Statist., Volume 3, Number 2 (1975), 500-503.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 12 April 2007

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1176343079

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/aos/1176343079

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR378167

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
0328.62007

JSTOR
links.jstor.org

Subjects
Primary: 62D05: Sampling theory, sample surveys
Secondary: 62F10: Point estimation

Keywords
Sampling with replacement until the sample contains $n$ units estimation of the mean of a finite population

Citation

Cobb, E. Benton. A Note on Sampling with Replacement. Ann. Statist. 3 (1975), no. 2, 500--503. doi:10.1214/aos/1176343079. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1176343079


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