The Annals of Statistics
- Ann. Statist.
- Volume 32, Number 5 (2004), 2223-2253.
Nonparametric estimation of scalar diffusions based on low frequency data
We study the problem of estimating the coefficients of a diffusion (Xt,t≥0); the estimation is based on discrete data XnΔ,n=0,1,…,N. The sampling frequency Δ−1 is constant, and asymptotics are taken as the number N of observations tends to infinity. We prove that the problem of estimating both the diffusion coefficient (the volatility) and the drift in a nonparametric setting is ill-posed: the minimax rates of convergence for Sobolev constraints and squared-error loss coincide with that of a, respectively, first- and second-order linear inverse problem. To ensure ergodicity and limit technical difficulties we restrict ourselves to scalar diffusions living on a compact interval with reflecting boundary conditions.
Our approach is based on the spectral analysis of the associated Markov semigroup. A rate-optimal estimation of the coefficients is obtained via the nonparametric estimation of an eigenvalue–eigenfunction pair of the transition operator of the discrete time Markov chain (XnΔ,n=0,1,…,N) in a suitable Sobolev norm, together with an estimation of its invariant density.
Ann. Statist., Volume 32, Number 5 (2004), 2223-2253.
First available in Project Euclid: 27 October 2004
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Gobet, Emmanuel; Hoffmann, Marc; Reiß, Markus. Nonparametric estimation of scalar diffusions based on low frequency data. Ann. Statist. 32 (2004), no. 5, 2223--2253. doi:10.1214/009053604000000797. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1098883788