The Annals of Statistics

John W. Tukey as "philosopher"

A. P. Dempster

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

Although not a traditional philosopher, John Tukey contributed much to our understanding of statistical science and empirical science more broadly. The former is represented by the light he shed on the relation of drawing conclusions to making decisions, and of how simple concepts like significance and confidence serve to back up or "confirm" empirical findings. Less successfully, he attempted inconclusively to sort out the ambiguities of R. A. Fisher's fiducial argument. His main effort, however, went to creating "exploratory data analysis" or EDA as a subfield of statistics with much to offer to ongoing developments in data mining and data visualization.

Article information

Source
Ann. Statist., Volume 30, Number 6 (2002), 1619-1628.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 23 January 2003

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1043351249

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/aos/1043351249

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR1969442

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1020.62003

Subjects
Primary: 62A01: Foundations and philosophical topics 62-07: Data analysis 62F03: Hypothesis testing 01A70: Biographies, obituaries, personalia, bibliographies

Keywords
Conclusions decisions confirmatory exploratory Fisher Neyman Bayes

Citation

Dempster, A. P. John W. Tukey as "philosopher". Ann. Statist. 30 (2002), no. 6, 1619--1628. doi:10.1214/aos/1043351249. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1043351249


Export citation

References

  • BENNETT, J. H., ed. (1990). Statistical Inference and Analy sis: Selected Correspondence of R. A. Fisher. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • DEMPSTER, A. P. (1998). Logicist statistics I. Models and modeling. Statist. Sci. 13 248-276.
  • DEMPSTER, A. P. (2002). Logicist statistics II. Inference. Submitted.
  • FISHER, R. A. (1956). Statistical Methods and Scientific Inference. Hafner, New York.
  • MOSTELLER, F. and TUKEY, J. W. (1968). Data analysis, including statistics. In Handbook of Social Psy chology, 2nd ed. (G. Lindzey and E. Aronson, eds.) 2 80-203. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
  • MOSTELLER, F. and TUKEY, J. W. (1977). Data Analy sis and Regression: A Second Course in Statistics. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
  • TUKEY, J. W., ed. (1950). R. A. Fisher's Contributions to Mathematical Statistics. Wiley, New York.
  • TUKEY, J. W. (1954). Unsolved problems of experimental statistics. J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 49 706- 731.
  • TUKEY, J. W. (1962). The future of data analysis. Ann. Math. Statist. 33 1-67.
  • TUKEY, J. W. (1980). We need both explanatory and confirmatory. Amer. Statist. 34 23-25.
  • TUKEY, J. W. (1986). The Collected Works of John W. Tukey III. Philosophy and Principles of Data Analy sis: 1949-1964. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.
  • TUKEY, J. W. (1986). The Collected Works of John W. Tukey IV. Philosophy and Principles of Data Analy sis: 1965-1986. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.
  • TUKEY, J. W. (1990). The Collected Works of John W. Tukey VI. More Mathematical: 1938-1984. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.
  • CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02138 E-MAIL: dempster@stat.harvard.edu