The Annals of Statistics

Data sharpening methods for bias reduction in nonparametric regression

Edwin Choi, Peter Hall, and Valentin Rousson

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

We consider methods for kernel regression when the explanatory and/or response variables are adjusted prior to substitution into a conven- tional estimator.This “data-sharpening” procedure is designed to preserve the advantages of relatively simple, low-order techniques, for example, their robustness against design sparsity problems, yet attain the sorts of bias reductions that are commonly associated only with high-order methods.We consider Nadaraya–Watson and local-linear methods in detail, although data sharpening is applicable more widely. One approach in particular is found to give excellent performance. It involves adjusting both the explanatory and the response variables prior to substitution into a local linear estimator. The change to the explanatory variables enhances resistance of the estimator to design sparsity, by increasing the density of design points in places where the original density had been low. When combined with adjustment of the response variables, it produces a reduction in bias by an order of magnitude. Moreover, these advantages are available in multivariate settings. The data-sharpening step is simple to implement, since it is explicitly defined. It does not involve functional inversion, solution of equations or use of pilot bandwidths.

Article information

Source
Ann. Statist., Volume 28, Number 5 (2000), 1339-1355.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 12 March 2002

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1015957396

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/aos/1015957396

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR1805786

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1105.62336

Subjects
Primary: 62G07: Density estimation
Secondary: 62H05: Characterization and structure theory

Keywords
Bandwidth curse of dimensionality design sparsity explanatory variables kernel methods local-linear estimator local-polynomial methods Nadaraya-Watson estimator response variables smoothing

Citation

Choi, Edwin; Hall, Peter; Rousson, Valentin. Data sharpening methods for bias reduction in nonparametric regression. Ann. Statist. 28 (2000), no. 5, 1339--1355. doi:10.1214/aos/1015957396. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aos/1015957396


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