The Annals of Probability

Clustering in the One-Dimensional Three-Color Cyclic Cellular Automaton

Robert Fisch

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This paper investigates the dynamics of the one-dimensional three-color cyclic cellular automaton. The author has previously shown that this process fluctuates, meaning that each lattice site changes color infinitely often, so that there is no "final state" for the system. The focus of the current work is on the clustering properties of this system. This paper demonstrates that the one-dimensional three-color cyclic cellular automaton clusters, and the mean cluster size, as a function of time $t$, is asymptotic to $ct^{1/2}$, where $c$ is an explicitly calculable constant. The method of proof also allows us to compute asymptotic estimates of the mean interparticle distance for a one-dimensional system of particles which undergo deterministic motion and which annihilate upon collision. No clustering results are known about the four-color process, but evidence is presented to suggest that the mean cluster size of such systems grows at a rate different from $t^{1/2}$.

Article information

Ann. Probab., Volume 20, Number 3 (1992), 1528-1548.

First available in Project Euclid: 19 April 2007

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Zentralblatt MATH identifier


Primary: 60K35: Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory [See also 82B43, 82C43]

cellular automaton particle systems cluster size interparticle distance


Fisch, Robert. Clustering in the One-Dimensional Three-Color Cyclic Cellular Automaton. Ann. Probab. 20 (1992), no. 3, 1528--1548. doi:10.1214/aop/1176989705.

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