The Annals of Probability

Localization transition for a polymer near an interface

Erwin Bolthausen and Frank den Hollander

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Abstract

Consider the directed process $(i, S_i)$ where the second component is simple random walk on $\mathbb{Z} (S_0 = 0)$. Define a transformed path measure by weighting each $n$-step path with a factor $\exp [\lambda \sum_{1 \leq i \leq n}(\omega_i + h)\sign (S_i)]$. Here, $(\omega_i)_{i \geq 1}$ is an i.i.d. sequence of random variables taking values $\pm 1$ with probability 1/2 (acting as a random medium) , while $\lambda \in [0, \infty)$ and $h \in [0, 1)$ are parameters. The weight factor has a tendency to pull the path towards the horizontal, because it favors the combinations $S_i > 0, \omega_i = +1$ and $S_i < 0, \omega_i = -1$. The transformed path measure describes a heteropolymer, consisting of hydrophylic and hydrophobic monomers, near an oil-water interface.

We study the free energy of this model as $n \to \infty$ and show that there is a critical curve $\lambda \to h_c (\lambda)$ where a phase transition occurs between localized and delocalized behavior (in the vertical direction). We derive several properties of this curve, in particular, its behavior for $\lambda \downarrow 0$. To obtain this behavior, we prove that as $\lambda, h \downarrow 0$ the free energy scales to its Brownian motion analogue.

Article information

Source
Ann. Probab., Volume 25, Number 3 (1997), 1334-1366.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 18 June 2002

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aop/1024404516

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/aop/1024404516

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR1457622

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
0885.60022

Subjects
Primary: 60F10: Large deviations 60J15 82B26: Phase transitions (general)

Keywords
Random walk Brownian motion random medium large deviations phase transition

Citation

Bolthausen, Erwin; den Hollander, Frank. Localization transition for a polymer near an interface. Ann. Probab. 25 (1997), no. 3, 1334--1366. doi:10.1214/aop/1024404516. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aop/1024404516


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