## The Annals of Mathematical Statistics

- Ann. Math. Statist.
- Volume 35, Number 1 (1964), 102-121.

### Asymptotic Efficiency of a Class of $c$-Sample Tests

#### Abstract

For testing the equality of $c$ continuous probability distributions on the basis of $c$ independent random samples, the test statistics of the form $\mathscr{L} = \sum^c_{j = 1} m_j\lbrack(T_{N,j} - \mu_{N,j})/A_N\rbrack^2$ are considered. Here $m_j$ is the size of the $j$th sample, $\mu_{N,j}$ and $A_N$ are normalizing constants, and $T_{N,j} = (1/m_j) \sum^N_{i = 1} E_{N,i}Z^{(j)}_{N,i}$ where $Z^{(j)}_{N,i} = 1$, if the $i$th smallest of $N = \sum^N_{j = 1} m_j$ observations is from the $j$th sample and $Z^{(j)}_{N,i} = 0$ otherwise. Sufficient conditions are given for the joint asymptotic normality of $T_{N,j}; j = 1, \cdots, c$. Under suitable regularity conditions and the assumption that the $i$th distribution function is $F(x + \theta_i/N^{\frac{1}{2}})$, the limiting distribution of $\mathscr{L}$ is derived. Finally, the asymptotic relative efficiencies in Pitman's sense of the $\mathscr{L}$ test relative to some of its competitors viz. the Kruskal-Wallis $H$ test (which is a particular case of the $\mathscr{L}$ test) and the classical $F$ test are obtained and shown to be independent of the number $c$ of samples.

#### Article information

**Source**

Ann. Math. Statist., Volume 35, Number 1 (1964), 102-121.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 27 April 2007

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177703733

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.1214/aoms/1177703733

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR158482

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

0123.36902

**JSTOR**

links.jstor.org

#### Citation

Puri, Madan Lal. Asymptotic Efficiency of a Class of $c$-Sample Tests. Ann. Math. Statist. 35 (1964), no. 1, 102--121. doi:10.1214/aoms/1177703733. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177703733