## The Annals of Mathematical Statistics

- Ann. Math. Statist.
- Volume 38, Number 2 (1967), 503-510.

### Expansions of $t$ Densities and Related Complete Integrals

#### Abstract

A class of alternatives is here presented to Fisher's (1925) expansion of Student's $t$ density function. These expansions involve Appell's polynomials; and hence, recurrence schemes are available for the coefficients. Complete integrals of products of $t$ densities are of interest as Behrens-Fisher densities (viewed as Bayesian posterior distributions: Jeffreys, 1940; Patil, 1964) as moments of Bayesian posterior distributions (Anscombe, 1963; Tiao and Zellner, 1964). A symptotic expansion of complete integrals, obtained by term-by-term integration of these expansions, are favorably compared with those obtained from Fisher's expansion. Although expansions of complete integrals of products of multivariate $t$ densities can be developed from these expansions by the methods of Tiao and Zellner, the resulting coefficients are practically as complicated as the Tiao and Zellner coefficients; methods will be published soon (Dickey, 1965) for reducing the dimensionality of such integrals for quadrature. The paper concludes with a numerical study of the integral expansions.

#### Article information

**Source**

Ann. Math. Statist., Volume 38, Number 2 (1967), 503-510.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 27 April 2007

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177698966

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.1214/aoms/1177698966

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR208711

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

0168.17901

**JSTOR**

links.jstor.org

#### Citation

Dickey, James M. Expansions of $t$ Densities and Related Complete Integrals. Ann. Math. Statist. 38 (1967), no. 2, 503--510. doi:10.1214/aoms/1177698966. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177698966