## The Annals of Mathematical Statistics

- Ann. Math. Statist.
- Volume 39, Number 5 (1968), 1615-1628.

### Three Multidimensional-integral Identities with Bayesian Applications

#### Abstract

The first identity (Section 2) expresses a moment of a product of multivariate $t$ densities as an integral of dimension one less than the number of factors. This identity is applied to inference concerning the location parameters of a multivariate normal distribution. The second identity (Section 3) expresses the density of a linear combination of independently distributed multivariate $t$ vectors, a multivariate Behrens-Fisher density (Cornish (1965)), as an integral of dimension one less than the number of summands. The two-summand version of the second identity is essentially equivalent to the two-factor version of the first identity. A synthetic representation is given for the random vector, generalizing Ruben's (1960) representation in the univariate case. The second identity is applied to multivariate Behrens-Fisher problems. The third identity (Section 4), due to Picard (Appell and Kampe de Feriet (1926)), expresses the moments of Savage's (1966) generalization of the Dirichlet distribution as a one-dimensional integral. A generalization of Picard's identity is given. Picard's identity is applied to inference about multinomial cell probabilities, to components-of-variance problems, and to inference from a likelihood function under a Student $t$ distribution of errors.

#### Article information

**Source**

Ann. Math. Statist., Volume 39, Number 5 (1968), 1615-1628.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 27 April 2007

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177698143

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.1214/aoms/1177698143

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR234545

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

0169.50505

**JSTOR**

links.jstor.org

#### Citation

Dickey, James M. Three Multidimensional-integral Identities with Bayesian Applications. Ann. Math. Statist. 39 (1968), no. 5, 1615--1628. doi:10.1214/aoms/1177698143. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177698143