The Annals of Applied Probability

On the Green–Kubo formula and the gradient condition on currents

Makiko Sasada

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Abstract

In the diffusive hydrodynamic limit for a symmetric interacting particle system (such as the exclusion process, the zero range process, the stochastic Ginzburg–Landau model, the energy exchange model), a possibly nonlinear diffusion equation is derived as the hydrodynamic equation. The bulk diffusion coefficient of the limiting equation is given by the Green–Kubo formula and it can be characterized by a variational formula. In the case the system satisfies the gradient condition, the variational problem is explicitly solved and the diffusion coefficient is given from the Green–Kubo formula through a static average only. In other words, the contribution of the dynamical part of the Green–Kubo formula is $0$. In this paper, we consider the converse, namely if the contribution of the dynamical part of the Green–Kubo formula is $0$, does it imply the system satisfies the gradient condition or not. We show that if the equilibrium measure $\mu$ is product and $L^{2}$ space of its single site marginal is separable, then the converse also holds. The result gives a new physical interpretation of the gradient condition.

As an application of the result, we consider a class of stochastic models for energy transport studied by Gaspard and Gilbert in [J. Stat. Mech. Theory Exp. 2008 (2008) P11021; J. Stat. Mech. Theory Exp. 2009 (2009) P08020], where the exact problem is discussed for this specific model.

Article information

Source
Ann. Appl. Probab., Volume 28, Number 5 (2018), 2727-2739.

Dates
Received: July 2017
Revised: October 2017
First available in Project Euclid: 28 August 2018

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoap/1535443232

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/17-AAP1369

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR3847971

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
06974763

Subjects
Primary: 60K35: Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory [See also 82B43, 82C43]
Secondary: 82C22: Interacting particle systems [See also 60K35]

Keywords
Gradient condition variational formula diffusion coefficient hydrodynamic limit

Citation

Sasada, Makiko. On the Green–Kubo formula and the gradient condition on currents. Ann. Appl. Probab. 28 (2018), no. 5, 2727--2739. doi:10.1214/17-AAP1369. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoap/1535443232


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References

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