The Annals of Applied Probability

The rounding of the phase transition for disordered pinning with stretched exponential tails

Hubert Lacoin

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Abstract

The presence of frozen-in or quenched disorder in a system can often modify the nature of its phase transition. A particular instance of this phenomenon is the so-called rounding effect: it has been shown in many cases that the free energy curve of the disordered system at its critical point is smoother than that of the homogeneous one. In particular some disordered systems do not allow first-order transitions. We study this phenomenon for the pinning of a renewal with stretched-exponential tails on a defect line (the distribution $K$ of the renewal increments satisfies $K(n)\sim c_{K}\exp(-n^{\zeta})$, $\zeta\in(0,1)$) which has a first order transition when disorder is not present. We show that the critical behavior of the disordered system depends on the value of $\zeta$: when $\zeta>1/2$ the transition remains of first order, whereas the free energy diagram is smoothed for $\zeta\le1/2$. Furthermore we show that the rounding effect is getting stronger when $\zeta$ diminishes.

Article information

Source
Ann. Appl. Probab., Volume 27, Number 2 (2017), 917-943.

Dates
Received: October 2015
First available in Project Euclid: 26 May 2017

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoap/1495764370

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.1214/16-AAP1220

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR3655857

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1370.60190

Subjects
Primary: 60K35: Interacting random processes; statistical mechanics type models; percolation theory [See also 82B43, 82C43] 60K37: Processes in random environments 82B27: Critical phenomena 82B44: Disordered systems (random Ising models, random Schrödinger operators, etc.)

Keywords
Disordered pinning phase transition rounding effect Harris criterion

Citation

Lacoin, Hubert. The rounding of the phase transition for disordered pinning with stretched exponential tails. Ann. Appl. Probab. 27 (2017), no. 2, 917--943. doi:10.1214/16-AAP1220. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoap/1495764370


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