Algebraic & Geometric Topology

Epimorphisms and boundary slopes of $2$–bridge knots

Jim Hoste and Patrick D Shanahan

Full-text: Open access

Abstract

In this article we study a partial ordering on knots in S3 where K1K2 if there is an epimorphism from the knot group of K1 onto the knot group of K2 which preserves peripheral structure. If K1 is a 2–bridge knot and K1K2, then it is known that K2 must also be 2–bridge. Furthermore, Ohtsuki, Riley and Sakuma give a construction which, for a given 2–bridge knot Kpq, produces infinitely many 2–bridge knots Kpq with KpqKpq. After characterizing all 2–bridge knots with 4 or less distinct boundary slopes, we use this to prove that in any such pair, Kpq is either a torus knot or has 5 or more distinct boundary slopes. We also prove that 2–bridge knots with exactly 3 distinct boundary slopes are minimal with respect to the partial ordering. This result provides some evidence for the conjecture that all pairs of 2–bridge knots with KpqKpq arise from the Ohtsuki–Riley–Sakuma construction.

Article information

Source
Algebr. Geom. Topol., Volume 10, Number 2 (2010), 1221-1244.

Dates
Received: 8 February 2010
Revised: 4 May 2010
Accepted: 10 May 2010
First available in Project Euclid: 19 December 2017

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.agt/1513715131

Digital Object Identifier
doi:10.2140/agt.2010.10.1221

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR2653061

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1205.57011

Subjects
Primary: 57M25: Knots and links in $S^3$ {For higher dimensions, see 57Q45}

Keywords
knot $2$–bridge boundary slope epimorphism

Citation

Hoste, Jim; Shanahan, Patrick D. Epimorphisms and boundary slopes of $2$–bridge knots. Algebr. Geom. Topol. 10 (2010), no. 2, 1221--1244. doi:10.2140/agt.2010.10.1221. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.agt/1513715131


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