### Uniqueness and nondegeneracy of sign-changing radial solutions to an almost critical elliptic problem

#### Abstract

We study uniqueness of sign-changing radial solutions for the following semi-linear elliptic equation \begin{align*} \Delta u-u+|u|^{p-1}u=0\quad{\rm{in}}\ \mathbb{R}^N,\quad u\in H^1(\mathbb{R}^N), \end{align*} where $1 < p < \frac{N+2}{N-2}$, $N\geq3$. It is well-known that this equation has a unique positive radial solution. The existence of sign-changing radial solutions with exactly $k$ nodes is also known. However, the uniqueness of such solutions is open. In this paper, we show that such sign-changing radial solution is unique when $p$ is close to $\frac{N+2}{N-2}$. Moreover, those solutions are non-degenerate, i.e., the kernel of the linearized operator is exactly $N$-dimensional.

#### Article information

Source
Adv. Differential Equations, Volume 21, Number 11/12 (2016), 1049-1084.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 13 October 2016