## Advances in Differential Equations

- Adv. Differential Equations
- Volume 2, Number 2 (1997), 183-202.

### Focusing solutions for the $p$-Laplacian evolution equation

Omar Gil and Juan Luis Vázquez

#### Abstract

We construct self-similar focusing solutions for the nonlinear parabolic equation $$ u_t=\Delta_pu=\text{div}(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u), $$ usually called the (evolution) $p$-Laplacian equation. We take the parameter $p>2$, so that finite propagation holds and free boundaries occur. We consider the problem posed in the whole space $R^n$ and work with nonnegative solutions. A self-similar solution is a solution $ u(x,t)$ that preserves its shape in time up to scaling. By focusing we mean that the solution vanishes for, say, $t<0$, in a ball of radius $s(t)$ centered at the origin and as $t\to 0$ we get $s(t)\to 0$, so that the hole disappears at $t=0$. We have $s(t)=c\,(-t)^\nu$ and the main point is the calculation of the anomalous exponent $\nu=\nu(n,p)$. The behaviour of the solution near $(0,0)$ is important in the regularity theory because when focusing occurs in dimension greater than $1$ a singularity appears. Hence, focusing solutions supply concrete bounds for the regularity of general solutions of the equation, which are presumably optimal. A characteristic of the focusing problem for the PLE is the fact that $\nu$ is not a monotone function of $p$ so that minimal regularity at the focusing is obtained for an intermediate $p$ in the interval $(2,\infty)$.

#### Article information

**Source**

Adv. Differential Equations Volume 2, Number 2 (1997), 183-202.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 24 April 2013

**Permanent link to this document**

https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1366809213

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR1424767

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

1023.35514

**Subjects**

Primary: 35K55: Nonlinear parabolic equations

Secondary: 35B05: Oscillation, zeros of solutions, mean value theorems, etc.

#### Citation

Gil, Omar; Vázquez, Juan Luis. Focusing solutions for the $p$-Laplacian evolution equation. Adv. Differential Equations 2 (1997), no. 2, 183--202. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1366809213