Advances in Differential Equations

Existence and exact multiplicity of positive radial solutions of semilinear elliptic problems in annuli

S. L. Yadava

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Abstract

We study the existence, nonexistence and exact multiplicity of positive radial solutions of the problem: $- \Delta u = f(u) $ in $ B(R_1, R)$, where $ R_1 > 0 $ is a fixed real number and $ B(R_1,R) \subset \mathbb R^n (n \geq 3) $, $ R > R_1 $, is an annulus, for the following boundary conditions: (1) $ u = 0 $ on $ \partial B(R_1,R) $. For $ f(t) = t^p - t^q $, $ 1 < p < q $ and $ p \leq (n+2)/(n-2) $, there exist $ R_0 \geq \tilde{R} > R_1 $ such that the problem admits exactly two solutions for $ R > R_0 $ and no solution for $ R < \tilde{R}$. (2) $ u = 0 $ on $ |x| = R_1 $ and $\partial u/ \partial \nu = 0 $ on $ |x| = R $. (a) For $ f(t) = t^p - t^q $, $ 1 < p < q $ and $ p \leq (n+2)/(n-2)$, there exists $ R_0 > R_1 $ such that the problem admits exactly two solutions for $ R > R_0 $, exactly one solution for $ R = R_0 $ and no solution for $ R < R_0 $. (b) Let $ f^{\prime}(t)t > f(t) $. If $ f(t) > 0$ for $ t > 0 $, then the problem admits at most one solution for any $R > R_1 $. For a large class of nonlinearities $ f $ changing sign (for example $ f(t) = t^p -t $), there exists $ R_0 > R_1 $ such that the problem admits a unique solution for all $ R < R_0 $. These results have been proved by analyzing the behaviour of the first and the second variations of $ u(\gamma,r) $, the unique solution of the corresponding initial value problem with $ u^{\prime}(R_1) = \gamma > 0 $, with respect to $ \gamma$ together with an identity (2.8) which may be regarded as variations of the generalized Pohozaev's identity with respect to $ \gamma $.

Article information

Source
Adv. Differential Equations, Volume 6, Number 2 (2001), 129-154.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 2 January 2013

Permanent link to this document
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1357141491

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)
MR1799748

Zentralblatt MATH identifier
1064.35060

Subjects
Primary: 35J60: Nonlinear elliptic equations
Secondary: 35A05 35B05: Oscillation, zeros of solutions, mean value theorems, etc. 35J65: Nonlinear boundary value problems for linear elliptic equations 35P30: Nonlinear eigenvalue problems, nonlinear spectral theory

Citation

Yadava, S. L. Existence and exact multiplicity of positive radial solutions of semilinear elliptic problems in annuli. Adv. Differential Equations 6 (2001), no. 2, 129--154. https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1357141491


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