Advances in Differential Equations

A quantum regularization of the one-dimensional hydrodynamic model for semiconductors

Myo Thein Gyi and Ansgar Jüngel

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The steady-state hydrodynamic equations for isothermal states including the quantum Bohm potential are analyzed. The one-dimensional equations for the electron current density and the particle density are coupled self-consistently to the Poisson equation for the electric potential. The quantum correction can be interpreted as a dispersive regularization of the classical hydrodynamic equations. Physically motivated Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions for the electron density are prescribed. The existence and uniqueness of strong solutions for sufficiently small current densities are proven. Furthermore, the classical limit (vanishing scaled Planck constant) and the zero-space-charge limit (vanishing scaled Debye length) are performed. The proofs are based on a transformation of variable for the electron density, yielding a fourth-order, elliptic equation for the new variable. As a by-product of the classical limit, the existence of subsonic solutions to the hydrodynamic system is obtained. Finally, numerical examples are presented showing that for ``large'' current densities, fast oscillations in the particle density occur as the scaled Planck constant tends to zero.

Article information

Adv. Differential Equations, Volume 5, Number 4-6 (2000), 773-800.

First available in Project Euclid: 27 December 2012

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 82D37: Semiconductors
Secondary: 35Q99: None of the above, but in this section 76Y05: Quantum hydrodynamics and relativistic hydrodynamics [See also 82D50, 83C55, 85A30]


Gyi, Myo Thein; Jüngel, Ansgar. A quantum regularization of the one-dimensional hydrodynamic model for semiconductors. Adv. Differential Equations 5 (2000), no. 4-6, 773--800.

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