Advances in Differential Equations

Global solutions of Navier-Stokes equations with large $L^2$ norms in a new function space

Qi S. Zhang

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First we prove certain pointwise bounds for the fundamental solutions of the perturbed linearized Navier-Stokes equation (Theorem 1.1). Next, utilizing a new framework with very little $L^p$ theory or Fourier analysis, we prove existence of global classical solutions for the full Navier-Stokes equation when the initial value has a small norm in a new function class of Kato type (Theorem 1.2). The smallness in this function class does not require smallness in $L^2$ norm. Furthermore we prove that a Leray-Hopf solution is regular if it lies in this class, which allows much more singular functions then before (Corollary 1). For instance this includes the well-known result in [25]. A further regularity condition (form boundedness) was given in Section 5. We also give a different proof about the $L^2$ decay of Leray-Hopf solutions and prove pointwise decay of solutions for the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations (Corollary 2, Theorem 1.2). Whether such a method exists was asked in a survey paper [2].

Article information

Adv. Differential Equations, Volume 9, Number 5-6 (2004), 587-624.

First available in Project Euclid: 18 December 2012

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 35Q30: Navier-Stokes equations [See also 76D05, 76D07, 76N10]
Secondary: 35A08: Fundamental solutions 76D03: Existence, uniqueness, and regularity theory [See also 35Q30] 76D05: Navier-Stokes equations [See also 35Q30]


Zhang, Qi S. Global solutions of Navier-Stokes equations with large $L^2$ norms in a new function space. Adv. Differential Equations 9 (2004), no. 5-6, 587--624.

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