VOL. 82 | 2019 Contact Geometry of Second Order II
Keizo Yamaguchi

Editor(s) Toshihiro Shoda, Kazuhiro Shibuya

Adv. Stud. Pure Math., 2019: 99-195 (2019) DOI: 10.2969/aspm/08210099


This is the continuation of our previous paper “Contact Geometry of Second Order I”, where we have formulated the contact equivalence of systems of second order partial differential equations for a scalar function as the geometry of $PD$ manifolds of second order. In this paper, we will discuss the Two Step Reduction procedure in Contact Geometry of Second Order. In fact we establish the Second Reduction Theorem for $PD$ manifolds $(R; D^1, D^2)$ of second order admitting the first order covariant systems $\tilde N$. Utilizing the covariant system $\tilde N$, we construct the intermediate object $(W; C^:, N)$, called the $IG$ manifold of corank $r$, as a submanifold of the Involutive Grassmann bundle $I^r(J)$ over the contact manifold $(J,C)$, where $J = R/\text{Ch}\,(D^1)$. We will seek the condition when the equivalence of $(R; D^1, D^2)$ is reducible to that of $(W; C^*, N)$. Moreover, when $\text{Ch}\,(N)$ is non-trivial, the equivalence of $(W; C^*, N)$ is further reducible to that of $(Y; D_N^*, D_N)$, where $Y = W/\text{Ch}\,(N)$. This theorem gives a sufficient condition for the existence of higher dimensional characteristics of $(R; D^1, D^2)$. By analyzing the construction parts of the Two Step Reduction procedure, we will show several examples of Parabolic Geometries, which are, through the Second Reduction Theorem, associated with the geometry of $PD$ manifolds of second order.


Published: 1 January 2019
First available in Project Euclid: 27 November 2019

zbMATH: 07270873

Digital Object Identifier: 10.2969/aspm/08210099

Primary: 53C15 , 58A15 , 58A20 , 58A30

Keywords: contact transformations , Involutive systems of second order , Parabolic Geomeries , PD manifolds , reduction theorems

Rights: Copyright © 2019 Mathematical Society of Japan


Back to Top