The analysis of computer and communication networks gives rise to some interesting inverse problems. This paper is concerned with active network tomography where the goal is to recover information about quality-of-service (QoS) parameters at the link level from aggregate data measured on end-to-end network paths. The estimation and monitoring of QoS parameters, such as loss rates and delays, are of considerable interest to network engineers and Internet service providers. The paper provides a review of the inverse problems and recent research on inference for loss rates and delay distributions. Some new results on parametric inference for delay distributions are also developed. In addition, a real application on Internet telephony is discussed.
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/074921707000000049