In statistical problems, a set of parameterized probability distributions is often used to estimate the true probability distribution. If the Fisher information matrix at the true distribution is singular, then it has been left unknown what we can estimate about the true distribution from random samples. In this paper, we study a singular regression problem and prove a limit theorem which shows the relation between the accuracy of singular regression and two birational invariants, a real log canonical threshold and a singular fluctuation. The obtained theorem has an important application to statistics, because it enables us to estimate the generalization error from the training error without any knowledge of the true probability distribution.
Digital Object Identifier: 10.2969/aspm/05710473