## Real Analysis Exchange

- Real Anal. Exchange
- Volume 34, Number 1 (2008), 157-170.

### A Few Results on Archimedean Sets

#### Abstract

In a 1990 paper by R. Mabry, it is shown that for any constant $a\in \left(0,1\right)$ there exist sets $A$ on the real line with the property that for any bounded interval $I$, $\displaystyle\frac{\mu(A\bigcap I)}{\mu(I)}=a$, where $\mu$ is any Banach measure. \noindent Many of the constructed sets are Archimedean sets, which are sets that satisfy $A+t=A$ for densely many $t\in {\mathbb{R}}$. In that paper it is shown that if $A$ is an arbitrary Archimedean set, then for a * fixed,* $\mu$, $\displaystyle\frac{\mu(A\bigcap I)}{\mu(I)}$ is constant. (This constant is called the $\mu$-shade of $A$ and is denoted ${\rm sh}_{\mu}A$.) A problem is then proposed: For any Archimedean set $A$, any fixed Banach measure $\mu$, and any number $b$ between $0$ and ${\rm sh}_{\mu}A$, does there exist a subset $B$ of $A$ such that $\displaystyle\frac{\mu(B\bigcap I)}{\mu(I)}=b$ for any bounded interval $I$? In this paper, we partially answer this question. We also derive a lower bound formula for the $\mu$-shade of the difference set of an arbitrary Archimedean set. Finally, we generalize an intersection result from Mabry's original paper.

#### Article information

**Source**

Real Anal. Exchange Volume 34, Number 1 (2008), 157-170.

**Dates**

First available in Project Euclid: 19 May 2009

**Permanent link to this document**

http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.rae/1242738928

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR2527130

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

1181.28005

**Subjects**

Primary: 28A12: Contents, measures, outer measures, capacities

**Keywords**

Archimedean set Banach measure measure, shading nonmeasurable set translation invariant

#### Citation

Neu, Keith. A Few Results on Archimedean Sets. Real Anal. Exchange 34 (2008), no. 1, 157--170. http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.rae/1242738928.