Statistical Science

The life and work of Gustav Elfving

Kenneth Nordström

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This article outlines the scientific work and life of the Finnish statistician, probabilist, and mathematician Gustav Elfving (1908–1984). Elfving’s academic career, scientific contacts, and personal life are sketched, and his main research contributions to the fields of statistics, probability, and mathematics are reviewed. (Elfving’s pioneering work in optimal design of experiments is not covered, as this topic will be treated elsewhere in this issue.) A chronological bibliography of Gustav Elfving is also given.

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Statist. Sci. Volume 14, Number 2 (1999), 174-196.

First available in Project Euclid: 24 December 2001

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Bayesian statistics complex analysis decision theory expansion of distributions Markov chains multivariate distribution theory nonparametric statistics optimal design of experiments optimal stopping order statistics quality control sufficiency and completeness


Nordström, Kenneth. The life and work of Gustav Elfving. Statist. Sci. 14 (1999), no. 2, 174--196. doi:10.1214/ss/1009212244.

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