## The Annals of Mathematical Statistics

- Ann. Math. Statist.
- Volume 25, Number 2 (1954), 389-394.

### A Property of the Normal Distribution

Eugene Lukacs and Edgar P. King

#### Abstract

The following theorem is proved. Let $X_1, X_2, \cdots, X_n$ be $n$ independently (but not necessarily identically) distributed random variables, and assume that the $n$th moment of each $X_i(i = 1, 2, \cdots, n)$ exists. The necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of two statistically independent linear forms $Y_1 = \sum^n_{s=1} a_sX_s$ and $Y_2 = \sum^n_{s=1}b_sX_s$ are: (A) Each random variable which has a nonzero coefficient in both forms is normally distributed. $(B) \sum^n_{s=1}a_sb_s\sigma^2_s = 0$. Here $\sigma^2_s$ denotes the variance of $X_s (s = 1, 2, \cdots, n)$. For $n = 2$ and $a_1 = b_1 = a_2 = 1, b_2 = -1$ this reduces to a theorem of S. Bernstein [1]. Bernstein's paper was not accessible to the authors, whose knowledge of his result was derived from a statement of S. Bernstein's theorem contained in a paper by M. Frechet [3]. A more general result, not assuming the existence of moments was obtained earlier by M. Kac [4]. A related theorem, assuming equidistribution of the $X_i (i = 1, 2, \cdots n)$ is stated without proof in a recent paper by Yu. V. Linnik [5].

#### Article information

**Source**

Ann. Math. Statist. Volume 25, Number 2 (1954), 389-394.

**Dates**

First available: 28 April 2007

**Permanent link to this document**

http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177728796

**JSTOR**

links.jstor.org

**Digital Object Identifier**

doi:10.1214/aoms/1177728796

**Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)**

MR62364

**Zentralblatt MATH identifier**

0056.12401

#### Citation

Lukacs, Eugene; King, Edgar P. A Property of the Normal Distribution. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics 25 (1954), no. 2, 389--394. doi:10.1214/aoms/1177728796. http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoms/1177728796.