Computer-Assisted Proofs for Semilinear Elliptic Boundary Value Problems
For second-order semilinear elliptic boundary value problems on bounded or unbounded domains, a general computer-assisted method for proving the existence of a solution in a ``close'' and explicit neighborhood of an approximate solution, computed by numerical means, is proposed. To achieve such an existence and enclosure result, we apply Banach's fixed-point theorem to an equivalent problem for the error, i.e., the difference between exact and approximate solution. The verification of the conditions posed for the fixed-point argument requires various analytical and numerical techniques, for example the computation of eigenvalue bounds for the linearization at the approximate solution. The method is used to prove existence and multiplicity results for some specific examples.