Duke Mathematical Journal

On a question of Erdős and Moser

B. Sudakov, E. Szemerédi, and V. H. Vu

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For two finite sets of real numbers $A$ and $B$, one says that $B$ is sum-free with respect to $A$ if the sum set $\{b+b'\mid b, b'\in B, b\neq b'\}$ is disjoint from $A$. Forty years ago, Erdőos and Moser posed the following question. Let $A$ be a set of $n$ real numbers. What is the size of the largest subset $B$ of $A$ which is sum-free with respect to $A$?

In this paper, we show that any set $A$ of $n$ real numbers contains a set $B$ of cardinality at least $g(n) \ln n $ which is sum-free with respect to $A$, where $g(n)$ tends to infinity with $n$. This improves earlier bounds of Klarner, Choi, and Ruzsa and is the first superlogarithmic bound for this problem.

Our proof combines tools from graph theory together with several fundamental results in additive number theory such as Freiman's inverse theorem, the Balog-Szemerédi theorem, and Szemerédi's result on long arithmetic progressions. In fact, in order to obtain an explicit bound on $g(n)$, we use the recent versions of these results, obtained by Chang and by Gowers, where significant quantitative improvements have been achieved.

Article information

Duke Math. J. Volume 129, Number 1 (2005), 129-155.

First available in Project Euclid: 15 July 2005

Permanent link to this document

Digital Object Identifier

Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Primary: 11P70: Inverse problems of additive number theory, including sumsets
Secondary: 11B75: Other combinatorial number theory


Sudakov, B.; Szemerédi, E.; Vu, V. H. On a question of Erdős and Moser. Duke Math. J. 129 (2005), no. 1, 129--155. doi:10.1215/S0012-7094-04-12915-X. http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.dmj/1121448866.

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