### Comparing Rank Tests for Ordered Alternatives in Randomized Blocks

Walter R. Pirie
Source: Ann. Statist. Volume 2, Number 2 (1974), 374-382.

#### Abstract

Two classes of rank tests are considered for ordered alternatives in a randomized block design with $k$ treatments and $n$ blocks: tests based on among-blocks rankings ($A$-tests) and tests based on within-blocks rankings ($W$-tests). Previous efficiency comparisons for fixed $k, n \rightarrow \infty$ under the normal distribution have indicated that $A$-tests are more sensitive. In the present paper it is shown that this behavior is not typical under other distributions. Further, analysis of efficiencies for fixed $n, k \rightarrow \infty$ indicates greater sensitivity for $W$-tests. Considering these results and certain other desirable properties of the $W$-tests, the latter are recommended for most applications.

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