### A Simple Criterion for Transience of a Reversible Markov Chain

Terry Lyons
Source: Ann. Probab. Volume 11, Number 2 (1983), 393-402.

#### Abstract

An old argument of Royden and Tsuji is modified to give a necessary and sufficient condition for a reversible countable state Markov chain to be transient. This Royden criterion is quite convenient and can, on occasion, be used as a substitute for the criterion of Nash-Williams [6]. The result we give here yields a very simple proof that the Nash-Williams criterion implies recurrence. The Royden criterion also yields as a trivial corollary that a recurrent reversible random walk on a state space $X$ remains recurrent when it is constrained to run on a subset $X'$ of $X$. An apparently weaker criterion for transience is also given. As an application, we discuss the transience of a random walk on a horn shaped subset of $\mathbb{Z}^d$.

First Page:
Primary Subjects: 60J10
Secondary Subjects: 60J45, 31C25, 31C12
Full-text: Open access